From Matt’s Idea Blog:
In How to Study and Make the Most of Your Time, an approach is presented that I found was commonly recommended to students:
- Schedule important work.
- Ask yourself questions as you read – read to answer questions.
- Use SQ3R: Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review.
- Try to develop an overall concept of what you have read in your own words and thoughts. try to connect things you have just read to things you already know.
- Every paragraph contains a main idea – make it a habit to find the main idea in each paragraph you read.
The article Leading Forward: How to Read and Digest a Book! (apparently gone, but still in – Google’s cache) recommended five steps: Selection, Preparation, Read Actively, Reflect for Insight, Systemise for implementation. This was in the minority in that it addressed how to use the information after reading.
Finally, from The Great Big Book of Personal Productivity, by Ron Fry: To summarize the skimming process:
- Read and be sure you understand the title or heading. Try rephrasing it as a question for further clarification of what you will read.
- Examine all the subheadings, illustrations, and graphics. these will help you identify the significant matter within the text.
- Read thoroughly the introductory paragraphs, the summary, and any questions at chapter’s end.
- Read the first sentence of every paragraph.this generally includes the main idea.
- Evaluate what you have gained from this process: Can you answer the questions at the end of the chapter? Can you intelligently participate in a class discussion of the material?
- Write a brief summary that capsulizes what you have learned from your skimming.
- Based on this evaluation, decide whether a more thorough reading is required.